Evacuation is a strategy to remove people from the threat of the impact of an emergency. It involves the planned relocation of persons from dangerous or potentially dangerous areas to safer areas and eventual return.
Primary responsibilities for evacuation are held by the control agency and Victoria Police. Evacuation is a risk management strategy which may be used as a means of mitigating the effects of an emergency on a community. It involves the movement of people to a safer location and the return of them at an appropriate time. For evacuation to be effective it must be appropriately planned and implemented.
As with all emergency response activities, the main priority when deciding to undertake an evacuation is protection of life. Evacuation is a scalable activity in that it may be applied to individuals, a house, a street, a large facility (i.e. school or hospital), a suburb, a town or a large area of the State. (Further information on evacuation can be found in Part 3 of the EMMV).
During an emergency or imminent threat of an emergency, special consideration must be given to evacuation of vulnerable people in the community.
In particular, it is likely that more time, resources, support and assistance will be required to safely evacuate vulnerable people from facilities, such as hospitals, aged care facilities and educational facilities.
These facilities should have existing evacuation plans in place to appropriately plan for and undertake an evacuation. However, such plans cannot rely on the availability of emergency service personnel to undertake the evacuation. Further information on considerations for vulnerable people can be found in the Evacuation Guidelines, Part 8 Appendix 9 of the EMMV.
5.15 Community Awareness Information and Warnings
5.17 Shelter Options